Syagrius was the son of Aegidius (the last magister militum per Gallias, who had founded a "kingdom" with Soissons at its centre). Syagrius governed this varying area for nearly twenty years until 486, when he found himself in the way of the territorial expansion of the Frankish kingdom of Clovis I.

Having been defeated at his capital, he sought refuge with Alaric II, king of the Visigoths, based at Toulouse, but was instead repatriated to Clovis, and was murdered in 487.

His brief regime is of interest because he represented the last recorded instance of native Gallo-Roman authority in Gaul: in fact he was known to the barbarians as the "King of the Romans".

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