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The Islamic Republic of Pakistan, given this name in the constitution of 1956, is a nation in south-central Asia bordering Iran, Afghanistan, China, India, and the Arabian Sea. Pakistan is home to around 140 million people, most of whom are Muslim, which is the state religion. Although the port city of Karachi was capital, the current capital of Pakistan is the city of Islamabad.
Pakistan is an Urdu term meaning "land of the pure."
Although officially a federal republic, Pakistan has experienced some instability lately. In October 1999, General Pervez Musharraf overthrew the civilian government and assumed executive authority, although he did not declare himself president until 2001. A new parliament has been elected and Zafarullah Khan Jamali, a prominent politician from Balochistan, has been appointed as Prime Minister.
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