9th (Scottish) Division

List of military divisionsList of British divisions in WWI

9th (Scottish) Division
ArmyNew Army
FormedAugust 21, 1914
DemobilisedMarch 16, 1919

The 9th (Scottish) Division, was one of the Kitchener's Army divisionss raised from volunteers by Lord Kitchener to serve on the Western Front during the Great War.

Table of contents
1 Formation
2 Commanders
3 Unit History
4 Battles
5 Notes
6 External Links

Formation

The division comprised the following brigades:

;26th Brigade :

  • 8th Battalion, The Black Watch (Royal Highlanders)
  • 7th Battalion, Seaforth Highlanders (Rosshire Buffs, The Duke of St. Albany's)
  • 8th Battalion, The Gordon Highlanders [1]
  • 5th Battalion, The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders
  • 10th Battalion, Princess Louise's (Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders) [2]

;27th Brigade :
  • 11th Battalion, The Royal Scots (Lothian Regiment)
  • 12th Battalion, The Royal Scots (Lothian Regiment)
  • 6th Battalion, The Royal Scots Fusiliers [3]
  • 10th Battalion, Princess Louise's (Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders) [2]
  • 6th Battalion, The Kings Own Scottish Borderers. [4]
  • 9th Battalion, the Cameronians (Scottish Rifles) [5]

;28th Brigade [6] :
  • 6th Battalion, The King's Own Scottish Borderers [4]
  • 9th Battalion, The Cameronians (Scottish Rifles) [5]
  • 10th Battalion, The Highland Light Infantry [7]
  • 11th Battalion, The Highland Light Infantry [7]

;28th (South African) Brigade [8] :
  • 1st Battalion, South African Infantry [9]
  • 2nd Battalion, South African Infantry [9]
  • 3rd Battalion, South African Infantry
  • 4th Battalion, South African Infantry [9]

;Pioneers :
  • 9th Battalion, Seaforth Highlanders (Rosshire Buffs, The Duke of St. Albany's)

Commanders

Unit History

In the Battle of Loos, notable for being the first battle in which British forces used poison gas, the 9th (Scottish) Division assaulted the Hohenzollern Redoubt, the 5th Camerons suffered horrific casualties, and Corporal J. D. Pollock gained a Victoria Cross for his actions.

The 9th (Scottish) Divison took part in major fighting during the Somme offensive. Notably it relieved the 30th Division at Montauban and later attacked German positions at Bernafay Wood, where it succeeded in capturing vital objectives and forcing a German withdrawl.

Battles

  • Battle of Loos
  • Battle of the Somme
  • First Battle of Ypres
  • Ludendorf Offensive
  • Battle of Messines
  • Battle of Bailleul
  • Battle of Kemmel Ridge
  • Battle of Scherpenberg
  • Battle of the Lys Salient
  • Fourth Battle of Ypres
  • Battle of Courtrai
  • Battle of Ooteghem

Notes

  1. Transfered to 15th Division and amalgamated with 10th Battalion The Gordon Highlanders in May, 1916
  2. Transfered to 26th Brigade & replaced 8th Gordon Highlanders May, 1916. Transfered to 32nd Division in February, 1918
  3. Transfered to the 15th Division and amalgamated with 7th Battalion the Royal Scots Fusiliers in May, 1916
  4. Transfered to 27th Brigade & replaced 6th Battalion The Royal Scots Fusiliers in May, 1916
  5. Transfered to 27th Brigade & replaced 10th Battalion Princess Louise's in May, 1916, Transfered to 14th Division in February, 1918, rejoined 9th Division, 28th Brigade April, 1918
  6. Broken up May, 1916 & replaced with 28th (South African) Brigade.
  7. Amalgamated May, 1916 & Transfered to 15th Division.
  8. Replaced 28th Brigade May, 1916
  9. Amalgamated into South African (Composite Regiment) April, 1918 due to heavy casualties, Battalions reformed September, 1918

External Links

The British Army in the Great War: The 9th (Scottish) Division




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